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10. Return on investment formula

ROI = \frac{(Gain from investment - Cost of investment)}{Cost of investment} \times 100\%

where:

- ROI = Return on investment

- Gain from investment = Total earnings from the investment

- Cost of investment = Total cost of the investment

11. Risk-adjusted return formula

Risk-adjusted \,return = \frac{(Return - Risk \,free \,rate)}{Standard \,deviation}

where:

- Risk-adjusted return = Return adjusted for risk

- Return = Actual return on the investment

- Risk-free rate = Rate of return on a risk-free investment

- Standard deviation = Measure of the investment's volatility or risk

12. Capital asset pricing model formula

Expected \,return = Risk-free \,rate + Beta \times (Market \,return - Risk-free \,rate)

where:

- Expected return = Rate of return expected from the investment

- Risk-free rate = Rate of return on a risk-free investment

- Beta = Measure of the investment's volatility compared to the overall market

- Market return = Average return of the market

13. Black-Scholes formula

Call \,option \,price = S_t \times N(d_1) - Xe^{-rt} \times N(d_2)

where:

- Call option price = Price of a call option on the underlying asset

- S_t = Current price of the underlying asset

- N(d1) and N(d2) = Cumulative distribution functions

- X = Strike price of the option

- r = Risk-free interest rate

- t = Time to expiration

14. Sharpe ratio formula

Sharpe \,ratio = \frac{(Return - Risk \,free \,rate)}{Standard \,deviation}

where:

- Sharpe ratio = Measure of risk-adjusted return

- Return = Actual return on the investment

- Risk-free rate = Rate of return on a risk-free investment

- Standard deviation = Measure of the investment's volatility or risk

15. Standard deviation formula

\sigma = \sqrt{\frac{\sum_{i=1}^{n}(x_i - \bar{x})^2}{n}}

where:

- Ïƒ = Standard deviation

- x_i = Individual data points

- \bar{x} = Mean of the data set

- n = Total number of data points

16. Beta formula

Beta = \frac{Covariance (R_i , R_m)}{Variance (R_m)}

where:

- Beta = Measure of the investment's volatility compared to the overall market

- Covariance = Measure of how two variables change together

- R_i = Return of the investment

- R_m = Return of the market

17. Hedging formula

Hedge \,ratio = \frac{Value \,of \,hedged \,position}{Total \,portfolio \,value}

where:

- Hedge ratio = Percentage of the portfolio value that is being hedged

- Value of hedged position = Value of the assets being hedged

- Total portfolio value = Total value of all assets in the portfolio

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The Banking and finance formula generator includes over 200 formulas for various financial calculations, such as compound interest, present value, return on investment, capital budgeting, bond pricing, credit risk, working capital analysis, liquidity ratios, profitability ratios, leverage ratios, and valuation techniques. It also covers topics like risk management, portfolio analysis, capital structure, dividend analysis, and financial modeling. This comprehensive calculator provides a wide range of tools for banking and finance professionals to make informed decisions and analyze financial data effectively.

1. Compound interest formula

2. Future value formula

3. Present value formula

4. Annuity formula

5. Amortization formula

6. Time value of money formula

7. Net present value formula

8. Internal rate of return formula

9. Cash flow formula

10. Return on investment formula

11. Risk-adjusted return formula

12. Capital asset pricing model formula

13. Black-Scholes formula

14. Sharpe ratio formula

15. Standard deviation formula

16. Beta formula

17. Hedging formula

18. Option pricing formula

19. Yield curve formula

20. Efficient frontier formula

21. Portfolio analysis formula

22. Financial ratio formula

23. Working capital ratio formula

24. Debt-to-equity ratio formula

25. Earnings per share formula

26. Price to earnings ratio formula

27. Dividend yield formula

28. Return on equity formula

29. Return on assets formula

30. Return on investment formula

31. DuPont analysis formula

32. Cash ratio formula

33. Quick ratio formula

34. Current ratio formula

35. Free cash flow formula

36. Operating cash flow formula

37. Cash conversion cycle formula

38. Accounts receivable turnover formula

39. Inventory turnover formula

40. Payables turnover formula

41. Fixed asset turnover formula

42. Return on capital employed formula

43. Economic value added formula

44. Dupont analysis formula

45. Dividend discount model formula

46. Capital budgeting formula

47. Payback period formula

48. Discounted payback period formula

49. Internal rate of return formula

50. Modified internal rate of return formula

51. Profitability index formula

52. Accounting rate of return formula

53. Fisher formula

54. Interest coverage ratio formula

55. Debt service coverage ratio formula

56. Dividend payout ratio formula

57. Dividend coverage ratio formula

58. Sustainable growth rate formula

59. Dividend growth rate formula

60. Gordon growth model formula

61. Earnings retention ratio formula

62. Dividend discount model formula

63. Dividend payout ratio formula

64. Dividend yield formula

65. Dividend coverage ratio formula

66. Modigliani-Miller theorem formula

67. Underwriting spread formula

68. Capital structure formula

69. Weighted average cost of capital formula

70. Cost of equity formula

71. Cost of debt formula

72. Weighted average cost of capital formula

73. Capital asset pricing model formula

74. Black-Scholes formula

75. Implied volatility formula

76. Option Greeks formula

77. Value at Risk formula

78. Credit risk formula

79. Credit default swap formula

80. Collateralized debt obligation formula

81. Mortgage-backed security formula

82. Corporate bond formula

83. Government bond formula

84. Treasury bond formula

85. Municipal bond formula

86. Junk bond formula

87. Zero-coupon bond formula

88. Convertible bond formula

89. Callable bond formula

90. Puttable bond formula

91. Floating rate bond formula

92. Fixed rate bond formula

93. Inflation-linked bond formula

94. Yield to maturity formula

95. Yield to call formula

96. Current yield formula

97. Coupon rate formula

98. Bond price formula

99. Duration formula

100. Convexity formula

101. Junk bond formula

102. Credit spread formula

103. Risk premium formula

104. Term structure of interest rates formula

105. Yield curve formula

106. Duration matching formula

107. Immunization formula

108. Interest rate risk formula

109. Credit risk formula

110. Mortgage formula

111. Mortgage-backed security formula

112. Adjustable rate mortgage formula

113. Loan-to-value ratio formula

114. Appraisal ratio formula

115. Loan amortization formula

116. Debt consolidation formula

117. Debt restructuring formula

118. Debt service coverage ratio formula

119. Debt to income ratio formula

120. Loan to deposit ratio formula

121. Loan loss reserve formula

122. Loan origination fee formula

123. Commercial paper formula

124. Term loan formula

125. Working capital loan formula

126. Collateralized loan obligation formula

127. Loan covenant formula

128. Receivables financing formula

129. Factoring formula

130. Invoice discounting formula

131. Trade credit formula

132. Working capital formula

133. Operating working capital formula

134. Financing working capital formula

135. Permanent working capital formula

136. Variable working capital formula

137. Net working capital formula

138. Cash flow formula

139. Free cash flow formula

140. Operating cash flow formula

141. Cash conversion cycle formula

142. Cash ratio formula

143. Quick ratio formula

144. Current ratio formula

145. Acid-test ratio formula

146. Net working capital formula

147. Operating cycle formula

148. Receivables turnover formula

149. Inventory turnover formula

150. Payables turnover formula

151. Cash conversion efficiency formula

152. Collection period formula

153. Average payment period formula

154. Operating cycle formula

155. Working capital turnover formula

156. Liquidity ratio formula

157. Solvency ratio formula

158. Profitability ratio formula

159. Efficiency ratio formula

160. Leverage ratio formula

161. DuPont analysis formula

162. Return on assets formula

163. Return on equity formula

164. Return on investment formula

165. Return on sales formula

166. Gross profit margin formula

167. Operating profit margin formula

168. Net profit margin formula

169. Earnings before interest and taxes formula

170. Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization formula

171. Margin of safety formula

172. Breakeven point formula

173. Contribution margin formula

174. Operating leverage formula

175. Financial leverage formula

176. Degree of operating leverage formula

177. Degree of financial leverage formula

178. Degree of total leverage formula

179. Dupont analysis formula

180. Discounted cash flow formula

181. Net present value formula

182. Internal rate of return formula

183. Profitability index formula

184. Payback period formula

185. Discounted payback period formula

186. Modified internal rate of return formula

187. Economic value added formula

188. Return on investment formula

189. Efficient market hypothesis formula

190. Random walk hypothesis formula

191. Regression analysis formula

192. Time series analysis formula

193. Trend analysis formula

194. Seasonal adjustment formula

195. Forecasting formula

196. Monte Carlo simulation formula

197. Financial modeling formula

198. Valuation formula

199. Discounted cash flow valuation formula

200. Comparable company analysis formula

Banking and Finance
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