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I = P \cdot r \cdot t

A = P \left(1 + \frac{r}{n}\right)^{nt}

PV = \frac{FV}{(1 + r)^t}

FV = PV \cdot (1 + r)^t

NPV = \sum_{t=0}^{n} \frac{CF_t}{(1 + r)^t} where

NPV = Net Present Value

CF = Cash flow at time t

r = discount rate

n = number of cash flows

The internal rate of return (IRR) is the annualized effective compounded return rate that can be earned on the invested capital, making the net present value (NPV) of all cash flows from a particular project equal to zero.

Variables:

- PV: Present Value of cash inflows

- FV: Future Value of cash outflows

- n: Number of periods

- C0: Initial Investment

IRR = \frac{PV - FV}{C0}

Return on Investment (ROI) is the ratio between the net profit and the cost of investment, representing the gain or loss on the investment relative to the amount invested.

Variables:

- Net Profit: Total revenue minus total expenses

- Cost of Investment: Initial amount invested

ROI = \frac{Net\ Profit}{Cost\ of\ Investment} \times 100\%

Earnings per Share (EPS) is the portion of a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock, providing a useful indicator of a company's profitability.

Variables:

- Net Income: Total profits after deducting expenses and taxes

- Average Number of Shares Outstanding

EPS = \frac{Net\ Income}{Average\ Number\ of\ Shares\ Outstanding}

Price-to-Earnings (P/E) Ratio is a valuation metric used to compare a company's current share price to its earnings per share, indicating the price investors are willing to pay for each dollar of earnings.

Variables:

- Share Price: Current market price of a share

- Earnings Per Share (EPS)

P/E\ Ratio = \frac{Share\ Price}{EPS}

Debt-to-Equity Ratio is a financial ratio indicating the relative proportion of equity and debt used to finance a company's assets, measuring both the short-term and long-term financial health of the business.

Variables:

- Total Debt: Sum of all financial obligations

- Shareholder's Equity: Total company assets minus liabilities

Debt-to-Equity\ Ratio = \frac{Total\ Debt}{Shareholder's\ Equity}

Inventory Turnover Ratio measures the number of times a company sells and replaces its stock of goods during a certain period, providing insights into how efficiently a company manages its inventory.

Variables:

- Cost of Goods Sold: Cost of goods sold during the period

- Average Inventory: Average value of inventory in stock

Inventory\ Turnover\ Ratio = \frac{Cost\ of\ Goods\ Sold}{Average\ Inventory}

Accounting Formulas
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This accounting formulas calculator provides a wide range of tools for financial analysis and decision-making. With calculations for income tax, gross profit, net profit, asset turnover ratio, debt-to-equity ratio, return on investment, break-even point, and more, users can easily assess their financial performance and make informed business decisions. From payroll tax to earnings per share, this calculator covers all aspects of financial management, making it a valuable tool for businesses and individuals alik

List of formulas you can learn from accounting formula generators

1. Simple Interest formula

2. Compound Interest formula

3. Present Value formula

4. Future Value formula

5. Net Present Value formula

6. Internal Rate of Return formula

7. Return on Investment formula

8. Earnings Per Share formula

9. Price-to-Earnings Ratio formula

10. Debt-to-Equity Ratio formula

11. Inventory Turnover Ratio formula

12. Accounts Receivable Turnover formula

13. Current Ratio formula

14. Quick Ratio formula

15. Return on Assets formula

16. Return on Equity formula

17. Working Capital formula

18. Gross Margin formula

19. Operating Margin formula

20. Net Profit Margin formula

21. Break-even Point formula

22. Contribution Margin formula

23. Cost of Goods Sold formula

24. Financial Leverage formula

25. DuPont Analysis formula

26. LIFO (Last-In, First-Out) formula

27. FIFO (First-In, First-Out) formula

28. Weighted Average Cost formula

29. Capital Budgeting formula

30. Payback Period formula

31. Fixed Asset Turnover formula

32. Capital Turnover formula

33. Degree of Operating Leverage formula

34. Degree of Financial Leverage formula

35. Degree of Combined Leverage formula

36. Market Capitalization formula

37. Price-to-Book Ratio formula

38. Dividend Yield formula

39. Economic Order Quantity formula

40. Time Value of Money formula

41. Cost of Capital formula

42. Earnings Before Interest and Taxes formula

43. Depreciation formula

44. Amortization formula

45. Retained Earnings formula

46. Dividend Payout Ratio formula

47. Price Earnings Growth Ratio formula

48. Market Value Added formula

49. Return on Investment formula

50. Cash Ratio formula

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